Categories: Mind

What’s Your MBTI Type? Carl Jung and the MBTI

What is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)?  The MBTI is a test used to tell someone’s psychological type. The theory of the psychological type came from Carl Jung, who came up with 16 conscious and 16 unconscious personality types and four cognitive functions which each having one of two polar orientations, for a total of eight dominant functions. MBTI is based on these functions, with differences in expression from Jung’s model.  The MBTI has sixteen different personality types, and unlike Jung’s theory, this is your personality, conscious or unconscious. The different types are: INTP and ISTP, (Introverted/Thinking), ESTP and ESFP, (Extraverted/Sensing), ISFP and INFP, (Introverted/Feeling), ENFP and ENTP, (Extraverted/Intuition), ENTJ and ESTJ, (Extraverted/Thinking), ISTJ and ISFJ, (Introverted/Sensing), ENFJ and ESFJ, (Extraverted/Feeling), and INTJ/INFJ, (Introverted/Intuition).

Origins and History

The Myers Briggs test is based on conceptual theories of Carl Jung, specifically his theory that people understand the world through four psychological functions, sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking, and that one of these functions is dominant for the most part. The MBTI(Myers Briggs Type Indicator) was created by Katharine Cook Briggs, and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers. Katharine Cook Briggs was a self-taught psychologist. Neither her nor her daughter ever had any formal education in the topic. Katharine began her research in 1917, starting a project reading biographies and developing a typography that consisted of four temperaments; meditative, spontaneous, executive, and social.

Carl Jung’s work, ” Psychological Types” was published in German in 1921, and it was translated to English in 1923. When this happened, Katharine realized the similarities between what she had come to conclude and what Jung proposed in his book.  However, Jung’s theories went far beyond her own in terms of complexity, and Briggs later corresponded her original four temperaments to IXXX, EXXP, EXTJ, and EXFJ. Her first publications were articles describing Jung’s theory, and after extensively studying these she and her daughter began researching efforts to turn the theory of psychological types to practical use. Neither Myers nor Briggs were formally educated in psychology, and both were self-taught in the field of psychometric testing. Myers apprenticed herself to Edward N. Hay, however, learning about rudimentary test construction, scoring, validation, and statistical methods. The original purpose of the MBTI was to help women during World War Two era identify the sort of war-time job they’d be most comfortable and efficient at. The MBTI uses a structured approach, wherein responses to items are made according to the perceived theory of the test constructors.

Differences between Jung typology and Myers-Briggs typology

Jung’s typology states a sequence of four cognitive functions: thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition. Each has one of two polar orientations- introversion and extraversion. This is what the MBTI is based on.  There is a key difference between Jung’s typology and Myers Briggs typology, and it’s the fact that Jung’s indication relies heavily on a “projective approach”, which uses the word association test. This creates open-ended responses that need to be interpreted in the context of the whole person, not according to the preconceived theory of the test constructors. The biggest addition to Jung’s thought from Meyers/Briggs is their concept of “Judging vs. Perceiving”. This indicates a persons’ preferred extraverted function, the dominant function for extraverted types and the auxiliary function for introverted types.

If you are interested to know what personality type you are, go to:

https://www.mbtionline.com/TaketheMBTI

This website is the official MBTI instrument, but it costs $50. There are a few other options if you want an official MBTI type assessment, like going to a certified coach, therapist, or counselor, but chances are they will cost money as well.

If you’re looking for a less accurate but quick and FREE MBTI assessment, go to:

https://www.16personalities.com/free-personality-test

This website is the closest to accuracy for the free tests out there, in my opinion. After you take the test, feel free to read up on the personality summaries I have written in the next parts of this article, and also feel free to research elsewhere! Good luck on the journey to self-awareness!

Once you find out your type, click below to learn more:

http://www.masterthyself.com/wordpress/index.php/2018/03/13/the-analyst-types/

http://www.masterthyself.com/wordpress/index.php/2018/04/24/whats-your-type-explorer-types/

http://www.masterthyself.com/wordpress/index.php/2018/04/07/whats-your-type-diplomat-types/

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